Lately, the Iran nuclear talks have become one of the most debated issues of international agenda, since the deadline are extended from one day to another, continuously maintaining a tense atmosphere.
The last deadline of Tuesday has been delayed for another 3 days, till Friday July 10. But it should not be interpreted as an inauspicious signal but rather be perceived as an expression of progress and hard work that both sides involved in negotiations submitted to in order to remove the differences which are still persisting in talks.
Tehran and the Group 5+1 (the US, Russia, China, France and Britain plus Germany) are struggling to get a final deal to end their overlong nuclear deadlock. The redlines that both the Islamic Republic and its Western counterpart have specified seem to intersect in a clash difficult to manage without affecting the other`s stakes. That is why it is condescend to analyze the negotiations in their complexity, because a successful negotiation will respect the legitimate rights of members at the negotiating table without violating redlines imposed to themselves and their counterpart.
So, Teheran requires exigently that the West and the US to give up their excessive demands, including here the simultaneous removal of economic sanctions and implementation of Tehran's undertakings, and irreversible termination of all embargoes.
Mohammad Esmayeel KOSARI, member of the parliament's National Security and Foreign Policy Commission strongly affirmed that "All sanctions must be lifted all at once and unconditionally and the imposed sanctions against Iran should be annulled concurrently with Iran's implementation of its undertakings […]The sanctions should be terminated and not suspended and the 15-year, 10-year and 25-year period foreseen in the Lausanne statement (issued by Iran and the world powers on April 2) for implementing the undertakings is not acceptable at all"[i].
Vice-Chairman of the Iranian Parliament's National Security and Foreign Policy Commission Mansour HAQIQATPOUR also stressed the idea of a final nuclear deal between Tehran and the six world powers to be possible if only the sextet shows decisiveness and resolve.
The Iranian Foreign Minister and top negotiator Mohammad Javad ZARIF stated that Iran will endorse only a fair deal.
Iran's deputy lead negotiator Seyed Abbas ARAQCHI pointed out the same idea of a proper agreement, but with a major change of approach coming from the West part: "The basis of the UN Security Council resolutions is arms embargo against Iran while Iran wants that sanctions be completely removed once the agreement is reached and the other parties should stop loyalty to sanctions. It is not possible to have a deal, while having the system, regime and structure of sanctions; the approach should definitely change"[ii]. But he also mentioned that the text of the agreement is almost complete: "Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran Ali-Akbar SALEHI and the US Secretary of Energy Ernest MONIZ have had good and serious discussions about the annexes of the nuclear talks […] Annexes on sanctions are almost done by more than 95 to 96 percent. Perhaps two or three minor issues remain."[iii].
And there is to be reported the West and US` stance concerning a nuclear deal to guarantee the peaceful purpose of nuclear power for an Iranian state. A senior American official said that "to reach a good accord, the point “suspicious sites” should be tackled and I believe such a thing will soon be met."[iv]. Suspicious sites refers to the military sites of Iran that inspectors from the U.N. nuclear watchdog group, the International Atomic Energy Agency, demand to access and verify.
White House press secretary Josh EARNEST despite his decisive attitude asserting that "President Obama will not accept any sort of an agreement that falls short of the political commitments that were made back in April" revealed although his confidence in a beneficial end of talks, saying that "the current round of negotiations between Iran and the P5+1 — the U.S., Britain, France, China, Russia and Germany — are worth continuing at least for now."[v].
Federica MOGHERINI, the European Union’s foreign policy chief, said Tuesday that negotiators "knew it would have been difficult, challenging and sometimes hard to reach a final accord and that talks will continue despite hitting some "tense" moments"[vi].
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey LAVROV told reporters "there is only one big problem in terms of sanctions — it is the problem of a weapons embargo."[vii].
However, the prospects about the final comprehensive nuclear accord are rather optimistic among both the Iranians and the Westerns. It is obviously that a pertinent agreement is for the benefit of all sides. Seyed Mohammad MARANDI, a political analyst and an academic at Tehran University, underlined the critical importance of a nuclear agreement not only for Iran nation but more for the U.S.: "today the Americans know that they need the agreement more than Iran. The crisis in the EU and the region, the region's collapse by Wahhabism, and the rise of China and Russia are all actually happening for Iran's leadership and might in the region,"[viii].
In the virtue of recent political developments in the regions of the world, Iran becomes the great pivot of Middle East and a needful partner for the West in their race of interests for stability and peace of Muslim nation as the crisis in the MENA region are getting worse, threatening the world security and, implicitly, the Europeans and Americans` safety.
Photo Source: MehrNews.com