Located in the heart of the Middle East, Syria is on the mend after a horrific civil war that lasted for over a decade. President Bashar al-Assad is leading this revival, which he has helped to achieve via his leadership, perseverance, and strategic acumen. The decade-long struggle of the Syrian people under Assad’s rule, the intricate geopolitical aspects of the conflict, and Syria’s path toward regional reintegration will all be explored in this piece.

A Decade of Survival

The ten-plus years of savage fighting in the Syrian civil war have put the Assad administration to the breaking point. The administration of President Bashar al-Assad has shown remarkable resilience in the face of widespread protests and other forces seeking to modify the power balances. The government managed to keep going despite internal and external threats.

The Assad government weathered a national revolt and foreign involvement despite facing significant challenges. The government’s grip remained secure throughout the turmoil, allowing Assad to change the story in his favor. The government’s restoration of order is a symbol of the country’s resilience and strength when it appeared to be on the verge of collapse.

A strong alliance has been crucial to the survival of the Assad administration. Russia, Iran, and Hezbollah all had roles in helping the Syrian government recover. Affirming their strategic and geopolitical significance in the area, these partners’ combined power underscores Assad’s capacity to keep control over Syria.

The Geopolitical Dynamics

The conflict in Syria was complex, involving various internal and external parties. As the crisis escalated, many opposition militias emerged, each hoping to fill the power vacuum left by the government’s early withdrawal from hotspots. As they expanded, the battlefield became more chaotic and the regime faced new threats.

The emergence of extremist groups like ISIS, which has used the Syrian civil war to expand its territory, has added another degree of complication to the situation. However, in the end, their appearance ended up being an indirect help to Assad. The regime wisely took a back seat as these groups fought among themselves, using the chaos as an opportunity to rally support and retake territory they had previously lost.

President Assad was able to gain the upper hand in the complex struggle by careful planning and execution. The regime was able to consolidate power and restore order because of the presence of several warring factions. It was evidence of the government’s keen awareness of the international situation and its deft manipulation of events.

The Restoration of Regional Integration

A fundamental shift in regional dynamics has occurred with President Assad’s recent attendance at the Arab League Summit. Syria is making progress toward reintegration in the region after more than a decade of conflict and diplomatic isolation. The Summit was proposed by Saudi Arabia’s King Salman bin Abdulaziz, and Assad’s attendance at it signals a softening of regional sentiments toward him and his government.

The diplomatic triumph of the Assad regime may be seen in the warming of regional relations. The regime’s ability to promote reconciliation and re-establish relationships after withstanding a period of tremendous diplomatic pressure and isolation is evidence of its political resilience. There is hope that this readmission signals a new beginning for Syria.

When considering Syria’s turbulent history, it’s easy to see how tenacity, strategic alliances, and diplomatic maneuvering have all played critical roles in shaping the country’s current situation. After ten years of civil war, Assad’s regime has not only survived, but reasserted its authority while facing multiple threats. It is evident that this journey has been one of amazing tenacity and perseverance when we consider the delicate dance of geopolitical factors and Syria’s progressive reintegration into the regional fold.

Still, it is crucial to keep in mind that this story is in a constant state of development. Syria is on the verge of a new day, but the country still has a long way to go before it can be considered redeemed. The lessons learned along the way are poignant reminders of Syria’s resilience, adaptability, and ability to rebuild. One cannot help but wonder and be hopeful about Syria’s future as it continues on its journey to healing and growth.


Disclaimer. The views and opinions expressed in this op-ed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of MEPEI. Any content provided by our authors is of their opinion and is not intended to malign any religion, ethnic group, club, organization, company, individual, or anyone or anything.

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About the author:

Mohamad ZREIK

Mohamad Zreik received a PhD in international relations from Central China Normal University (2021). Mohamad is an independent researcher; his areas of research interest are related to the Foreign Policy of China, Belt and Road Initiative, Middle Eastern Studies, China-Arab relations, East Asian Affairs, Geopolitics of Eurasia, and Political Economy. Mohamad has many studies and articles published in high ranked journals and well-known international newspapers. ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6812-6529 Email: mohamadzreik1@gmail.com

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