19 Feb 2024
PREAMBLE i. The interest in a "new architecture" of security implies the recognition that there was also an "old architecture" which is no longer available and usable. ii.  This remark imposes two questions, namely: What did the old architecture look like? Why did this ancient architecture di
19 Feb 2024
Photo's Source: https://www.ankasam.org/energy-the-main-basis-of-china-iraq-relations/?lang=en; Chinese and Iraqi flags   Introduction China and Iraq have close economic and trade cooperation. China is Iraq's largest trading partner, and Iraq is China's third largest trading partner am
12 Feb 2024
Photo's Source: www.ena.et    Introduction Ethiopia is one of the most important actors in East Africa and it exerts great influence in its neighboring regions. On January 1, 2024, Ethiopia officially joined BRICS. On the same day, Ethiopia Foreign Ministry of Foreign Affairs released
12 Feb 2024
Photo's Source: Shirinkin Yevgeny/Shutterstock; Pakistan and Iran flags   The recent Iranian drone and missile attack in Pakistani Baluchistan has reignited tensions that have further worsened the ties between the two governments. The reciprocal retaliation between a nuclear-armed nation
06 Feb 2024
The Salafist and Jihadi ideology contains a strongly anti-Shiite and anti-Iranian approach. Thus, the State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) or Daesh from the very beginning of its appearance in Iraq and Syria should be opposed to Iran. According to ISIL, with their radical and extreme views of Sunni I
05 Feb 2024
Photo’s Source: www.japantimes.co.jp, Meeting between the representatives of the US and China    Introduction From January 26 to 27, 2024, the Member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and the Director of the Office of the Central Commission for Foreign Affairs, W